Kandovan (Troglodyte) village in Iran is over 700 years old. It is located in the north east of Iran, at the foot of Mount Sahand in Kandovan. The villagers live in cave homes carved out from the volcanic rock. The age of some houses is more than 700 years.
The village has become a tourist attraction due to the scenic beautiy as well as the unique houses found here. The houses have been carved out of cone shaped volcanic rock, which gives the impression of a giant termite colony. The name Kandovan actually means “beehive”.
It is believed that the first residents moved here to escape the invading mongol armies hundreds of years ago. The houses are still occupied today. The houses are said be be extremely energy efficient, and require no extra heating in the winters. They also remain cool throughout the hot summers. Today there are around 700 residents living in this city.
There is even a five star rock carved hotel for tourists, so they can experience living in the cave houses themselves.
The unique stone mounds were formed by strong volcanic eruptions of mount Sahand thousands of years ago, which have then been eroded by years of harsh weather.